Head of Research

Marian Kjellevold

Marian Kjellevold ×
Marian Kjellevold
E-mail:
Marian.Kjellevold@nifes.no
Telephone:
+4740854582
Department:
Seafood safety and health
Human Studies

My field of expertise is nutritional epidemiology and my main field of interest is to study how seafood intake influences nutritional status and health. The research comprises both observation and intervention studies.

Subject area
Selected publications
Projects
Scientific publications

I have in recent years been managing the nutritional part of two longitudinal projects concerning seafood intake, postpartum depression and infant development. Preliminary results have been part of master theses, have been presented at several international conferences and have resulted in media coverage. The data sampling is completed in one of the projects and have so far resulted in three publications and two ongoing PhD-projects. In both projects we have used, and validated, a food frequency questionnaire (Seafood-FFQ), estimating seafood intake. The Seafood-FFQ is a valuable tool in assessing seafood intake and can be used several times during a study due to acceptable length. This is valuable when studying groups where a change in intake can be expected as during pregnancy and the postpartum period.


Since July 2013 I have been a guest researcher at LMU, München, Germany. Together with Professor Koletzko’s research group, I have participated in the planning and conduction of an intervention study where children who have a low habitual seafood intake are given fish over a period of four months. I have been in particular working with the food frequency questionnaire used in the study.


During my professional career, I have worked with a wide variety of nutritional approaches, including animal models (mice, rats and pigs). I also have some experience with fish nutrition.


I have a MSc in nutrition with particular emphasis on food composition and dietary intake of micronutrients in children, an area in which I have been immersed since 1993 when I undertook my first research project during my MSc research thesis. The fieldwork was funded by FAO, and the overall aim was to evaluate if fish from the inland lakes were safe to eat due to high levels of fluoride in the environment. My PhD studies were a continuation of the MSc project, funded by NUFU and UiB, focused on micronutrients, food composition and analytical chemistry. The PhD project resulted in 7 publications, 6 as first author.


I have teaching experience at University level, and have several years been responsible for and given courses in nutrition and physiology for dental nurses. I have also given single lectures in dietary surveys and good laboratory practice. I have been involved in a tailor-made course in nutrition and public health for dental nurses working in primary health care sector. I have supervised PhD and MSc students, also as main supervisor.


Nutritional epidemiology

Markhus MW, Skotheim S, Graff IE, Frøyland L, Braarud HC, Stormark KM and Malde MK (2013). Low omega-3 index in pregnancy is a possible biological risk factor for postpartum depression. PLOSONE 8(7): e67617. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0067617

Markhus, MW, Graff IE, Dahl L, Seldal CF, Skotheim S, Braarud HC, Stormark KM and Malde MK (2013). “Establishment of a Seafood-index to assess the seafood consumption in pregnant women”. Food & Nutrition Research 57: 19272.

Malde MK, Alvheim AR, Brunborg LAB and Graff IE (2012). ”Maternal seafood consumption in highly educated women is reduced in pregnancy: A pilot study”. International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery 4 (5): 64-68.

Gjengedal H, Dahl L, Lavik Å, Trovik T, Berg E, Bøe O and Malde MK. (2012). ”Randomized clinical trial comparing dietary intake in patients with implant-retained overdentures and conventionally relined denture”. International Journal of Prosthodontics 25 (4): 340-347.

Malde MK, Scheidegger R, Julshamn K and Bader H-P (2011). “Substance Flow Analysis: A case study of fluoride exposure through food and beverages in young children living in Ethiopia”. Environmental Health Perspectives 119 (4): 579-584.

Malde MK, Bügel S, Kristensen M, Graff IE, Malde K and Pedersen JI (2010). ”Calcium from salmon and cod bones is well absorbed in young healthy men: a double-blinded randomized crossover design”. Nutrition & Metabolism 7 (1): 61.

Malde MK, Zerihun L, Julshamn K and Bjorvatn K (2010). ”Intake of iron, zinc and iodine in 28 Ethiopian children living in Wonji Shoa Sugar Estate, assessed by duplicate portion technique”. Scientific Research and Essay 5 (8): 730-736.

Malde MK, Zerihun L, Julshamn K & Bjorvatn K (2004). “Fluoride, calcium and magnesium intake in children living in a high-fluoride area in Ethiopia. Intake through food”.  International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 14 (3): 167-174.

Malde MK, Zerihun L, Julshamn K & Bjorvatn K (2003). “Fluoride intake in children living in a high-fluoride area in Ethiopia. Intake through beverages”. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 13 (1): 27-34.

 Food composition and analysis

Maehre  H, Malde MK; Eilertsen K-E, Elvevoll E (2014). "Characterization of protein, lipid and mineral contents in common Norwegian seaweeds and evaluation of their potential as food and feed". Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture.

Tidemann-Andersen I, Acham H, Måge A and Malde MK (2011). ”Iron and zinc content of selected foods in the diet of schoolchildren in Kumi district, East of Uganda: a cross-sectional study”. Nutrition Journal 10:81.

Malde MK, Greiner-Simonsen R, Julshamn K, Bjorvatn K (2006). “Tealeaves may release or absorb fluoride, depending on the fluoride content of water”. Science of the Total Environment 366: 915-917.

Malde MK, Bjorvatn K and Julshamn K (2001). “Determination of fluoride in food by the use of alkali fusion and fluoride ion-selective electrode”. Food Chemistry 73: 373-379.

Malde MK, Måge A., Julshamn K., Macha E. and Bjorvatn K (1997). “Fluoride content in selected food items from five areas in East-Africa”. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 10: 233-24.

Animal models in human nutrition

Alvheim AR, Torstensen BE, Lin YH, Lillefosse HH, Lock E-J, Madsen L, Frøyland L, Hibbeln JR and Malde MK (2014). Dietary linoleic acid increases the endocannabinoids 2 –AG and AEA, inducing weight gain and inflammation in mice fed a low fat diet. Lipids 49(1):59-69.

Alvheim AR, Torstensen BE, Lin YH, Lillefosse HH, Lock E-J, Madsen L, Hibbeln JR and Malde MK (2013). “Dietary linoleic acid elevates endogenous 2-arachidonoylglycerol and anandamide in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) and mice, and induces weight gain and inflammation in mice”. British Journal of Nutrition 109: 1508–1517.

Alvheim AR, Malde MK, Osei-Hyiaman D, Lin Y, Pawlosky R, Madsen L, Kristiansen K, Frøyland L and Hibbeln JR (2012). “Dietary linoleic acid elevates endogenous 2-AG and anandamide and induce obesity”. Obesity 20 (10): 1984–1994, doi:10.1038/oby.2012.38.

Malde MK, Graff IE, Siljander-Rasi H, Venälänene E, Julshamn K, Pedersen JI and Valaja, J (2010). “Fish bones – a highly available calcium source for growing pigs”. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition 94;e66-e76. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0396.2009.00979.x.

Fish nutrition

Moren M, Malde MK, Olsen RE, Hemre IE, Dahl L, Karlsen Ø and Julshamn K (2007). “Fluorine accumulation in Antlantic salmon (Salmo salar), Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), rainbow trout (Onchorhyncus mykiss) and Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus) fed diets with krill og amphipod meals and fish meal based diets with sodium fluoride (NaF) iclusion”. Aquaculture 269: 525-531.

Olsen RE, Suontama J, Ringø E, Melle W, Malde MK and Hemre G-I (2006). ”The replacement of fish meal with Antarctic krill, Euphausia superba in diets for Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar”. Aquaculture Nutrition 12: 280-290.

Julshamn K, Malde MK, Bjorvatn K & Korgedal P (2004). “Fluoride retention of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) fed krill meal”. Aquaculture Nutrition, 10 (1): 9-13.

 

  • 2015


    Maria Wik, Josef Daniel Rasinger, Marian Kjellevold Malde, Livar Frøyland, Siv Skotheim, Hanne Cecilie Braarud, Kjell Morten Stormark, Ingvild Eide Graff

    Docosahexaenoic Acid Status in Pregnancy Determines the Maternal Docosahexaenoic Acid Status 3-, 6- and 12 Months Postpartum. Results from a Longitudinal Observational Study

    PLoS ONE; Volum 10.(9)
    • År: 2015
  • 2014


    Anita Røyneberg Alvheim, Bente Elisabeth Torstensen, Yu Hong Lin, Haldis Haukås Lillefosse, Erik-Jan Lock, Lise Madsen, Livar Frøyland, Joseph R. Hibbeln, Marian Kjellevold Malde

    Dietary linoleic acid elevates the endocannabinoids 2-AG and anandamide and promotes weight gain in mice fed a low fat diet

    Lipids; Volum 49.(1) S. 59-69
    • År: 2014

    Hanne K Mæhre, Marian Kjellevold Malde, Karl-Erik Eilertsen, Edel Oddny Elvevoll

    Characterization of protein, lipid and mineral contents in common Norwegian seaweeds and evaluation of their potential as food and feed

    Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture; Volum 94.(15) S. 3281-3290
    • År: 2014
  • 2013


    S. Battaleb-Looie, F. Moore, Marian Kjellevold Malde, G. Jacks

    Fluoride in groundwater, dates and wheat: Estimated exposure dose in the population of Bushehr, Iran

    Journal of Food Composition and Analysis; Volum 29.(2) S. 94-99
    • År: 2013

    Harald Gjengedal, Einar Berg, Arne Geir Grønningsæter, Lisbeth Dahl, Marian Kjellevold Malde, Olav Egil Bøe, Tordis A Trovik

    The Influence of Relining or Implant Retaining Existing Mandibular Dentures on Health-Related Quality of Life: A 2-Year Randomized Study of Dissatisfied Edentulous Patients

    International Journal of Prosthodontics; Volum 26.(1) S. 68-78
    • År: 2013

    Anita Røyneberg Alvheim, Bente Elisabeth Torstensen, Yu Hong Lin, Haldis Haukås Lillefosse, Erik-Jan Lock, Lise Madsen, Joseph R. Hibbeln, Marian Kjellevold Malde

    Dietary linoleic acid elevates endogenous 2-arachidonoylglycerol and anandamide in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) and mice, and induces weight gain and inflammation in mice

    British Journal of Nutrition; Volum 109.(8) S. 1508-1517
    • År: 2013

    Maria Wik, Ingvild Eide Graff, Lisbeth Dahl, Camilla Fløysvik Seldal, Siv Skotheim, Hanne Cecilie Braarud, Kjell Morten Stormark, Marian Kjellevold Malde

    Establishment of a seafood index to assess the seafood consumption in pregnant women

    Food & Nutrition Research; Volum 57:19272.
    • År: 2013

    Maria Wik, Siv Skotheim, Ingvild Eide Graff, Livar Frøyland, Hanne Cecilie Braarud, Kjell Morten Stormark, Marian Kjellevold Malde

    Low 0mega-3 index in pregnancy is a possible biological risk factor for postpartum depression

    PLoS ONE; Volum 8.(7)
    • År: 2013

    Siv Skotheim, Hanne Cecilie Braarud, Kjartan Høie, Maria Wik, Marian Kjellevold Malde, Ingvild Eide Graff, Jan Øystein Berle, Kjell Morten Stormark

    Subclinical levels of maternal depression and infant sensitivity to social contingency

    Infant Behavior and Development; Volum 36.(3) S. 419-426
    • År: 2013

    Nazik N Nurelhuda, Marian Kjellevold Malde, Mutaz Faisal Ahmed, Tordis A Trovik

    Correlation between caries experience in Sudanese school children and dietary habits, according to a food frequency questionnaire, and a modifies 24-hr recall method

    African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development; Volum 13.(2) S. 7624-7639
    • År: 2013
  • 2012


    Anita Røyneberg Alvheim, Marian Kjellevold Malde, Douglas Osei-Hyiaman, Yu Hong Lin, Robert J. Pawlosky, Lise Madsen, Karsten Kristiansen, Livar Frøyland, Joseph R. Hibbeln

    Dietary linoleic acid elevates endogenous 2-AG and anandamide and induces obesity

    Obesity; Volum 20.(10) S. 1984-1994
    • År: 2012

    Marian Kjellevold Malde, Anita Røyneberg Alvheim, Linn Anne Bjelland Brunborg, Ingvild Eide Graff

    Maternal seafood consumption in highly educated women is reduced in pregnancy: A pilot study

    International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery; Volum 4.(5) S. 64-68
    • År: 2012

    Hedwig Acham, JK Kikafunda, Thorkild Tylleskar, Marian Kjellevold Malde

    Nutritional and health profiles of primary schoolchildren in rural Uganda

    African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development; Volum 12. S. 5862-5880
    • År: 2012

    Hedwig Acham, Joyce Kikafunda, Marian Kjellevold Malde, Wilna H. Oldewage-Theron, AbdulKadir A. Egal

    Breakfast, midday meals and academic achievement in rural primary schools in Uganda : implications for education and school health policy

    Food & Nutrition Research; Volum 56. S. 12
    • År: 2012

    Harald Gjengedal, Lisbeth Dahl, Ågot Lavik, Tordis Agnete Trovik, Einar Berg, Olav Egil Bøe, Marian Kjellevold Malde

    Randomized clinical trial comparing dietary intake in patients with implant-retained overdentures and conventionally relined denture

    International Journal of Prosthodontics; Volum 25.(4) S. 340-347
    • År: 2012
  • 2011


    Ida Tidemann-Andersen, Hedwig Acham, Amund Måge, Marian Kjellevold Malde

    Iron and zinc content of selected foods in the diet of schoolchildren in Kumi district, east of Uganda: a cross-sectional study

    Nutrition Journal; Volum 10.
    • År: 2011

    Marian Kjellevold Malde, Ruth Scheidegger, Kåre Julshamn, Hans-Peter Bader

    Substance Flow Analysis: A Case Study of Fluoride Exposure through Food and Beverages in Young Children Living in Ethiopia

    Environmental Health Perspectives; Volum 119.(4) S. 579-584
    • År: 2011
  • 2010


    Marian Kjellevold Malde, Legesse Zerihun, Kjell Bjorvatn, Kåre Julshamn

    Intake of iron, zinc and iodine in 28 Ethiopian children living in Wonji Shoa Sugar Estate, assessed by duplicate portion technique

    Scientific Research and Essays; Volum 5.(8) S. 730-736
    • År: 2010

    Mulia Nurhasan, Hanne K Mæhre, Marian Kjellevold Malde, Svein Kristian Stormo, Matthias Halwart, David James, Edel Oddny Elvevoll

    Nutritional composition of aquatic species in Laotian rice field ecosystems

    Journal of Food Composition and Analysis; Volum 23.(3) S. 205-213
    • År: 2010

    Marian Kjellevold Malde, S Bugel, M. Kristensen, Ketil Malde, Ingvild Eide Graff, Jan I Pedersen

    Calcium from salmon and cod bone is well absorbed in young healthy men: a double-blinded randomised crossover design

    Nutrition & Metabolism; Volum 7.
    • År: 2010

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